Ulnar two-point discrimination following endoscopic carpal tunnel release
Banegas, Rodrigo N.
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CitationColakoglu, S., Tuaño, K., Newhoff, D., Rodriguez-Fontan, F., Nadeau, J., Siddikoglu, D., & Banegas, R. N. (2021). Ulnar two-point discrimination following endoscopic carpal tunnel release. [Resumen la liberación endoscópica del túnel carpiano y la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos del nervio cubital] Medicina (Buenos Aires), 81(3), 318-322.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is median nerve symptomatic compression at the level of the wrist, charac-terized by increased pressure within the carpal tunnel and decreased nerve function at the level. Carpal tunnel release decreases pressure in Guyon’s canal, via open techniques, with symptom and two-point discrimination improvement in the ulnar nerve distribution. We hypothesize that endoscopic carpal tunnel release improves two-point discrimination in the ulnar nerve distribution as well. This study includes 143 patients who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release between April 2016 to June 2019 in a single, community-based teaching hospital. A comprehensive retrospective chart review was performed on patient demographics, pre-and post-operative two-point discrimination test results, and complications. The effects of sex, age, and diabetes mellitus in the ulnar and median nerve territories with two-point discrimination tests were analyzed. As well as the differences in two-point discrimination among patient’s based on their smoking status. There were significant post operative improvements in both the median (7.7 vs 4.4 mm, p < 0.001) and ulnar (5.7 vs 4.1 mm, p < 0.001) nerve territories. Smoking status, sex, age and diabetes did not significantly affect two-point discrimination out-comes. In conclusion the endoscopic release of the transverse carpal ligament decompresses the carpal tunnel and Guyon’s canal, demonstrating improvement in two-point discrimination in both the ulnar and median nerve distributions.